Orthopedic Specialists of Florida. AMSTAR criteria were followed. A majority of studies found smoking has negative effects on the musculoskeletal system. Congenital pseudoarthrosis of clavicle results in congenital failure of formation [ ossification] of the central portion of the clavicle that manifests as a painless lump in the clavicle. Symptoms generally includes pain at the base of the thumb which is worse with use of the hand. A scaphoid fracture is a break of the scaphoid bone in the wrist. A comprehensive search of PubMed, Web of Science, and Science Direct returned 243 articles meeting inclusion criteria. Scaphoid fractures are most commonly caused by a fall on an outstretched hand. Complications may include nonunion of the fracture, avascular necrosis, and arthritis.
Comprehensive list of surgeons and services in Florida. Orthopedists orthopedist. Bone grafts and biomaterials substitutes for bone defect repair: A review. Congenital pseudoarthrosis of the clavicle is a rare anomaly and was first described by Fitzwilliams in 1910. Nonunion of fracture is a delayed complication of fracture said to be present when the union has not occurred in after passage of sufficient time. Combcodes catcode labels combcodes anesthesia for procedures on arteries of upper arm and elbow; not otherwise 01772 anesthesia for procedures on arteries of upper arm and elbow; embolectomy. The anatomic snuffbox is generally tender and swelling may occur. Pseudarthrosis of the clavicle radiology. This systematic review explored associations between smoking and health outcomes involving the musculoskeletal system.